As the air cools, it contracts and pulls on the skin, leaving a purple mark. Vietnamese people also believe in the medicinal properties of foods such as mung beans, green beans, and bitter melon, which is believed to help control blood pressure. Depending on their educational level, traditional spiritual practices, and how long they have lived in the US, immigrants from Vietnam may have different beliefs about medicine and healthcare that include: Mental health issues are stigmatized in Vietnamese culture. In the Vietnamese culture, health is seen as a state of physical and spiritual harmony, with the body requiring balance to remain in good health. Smiling: Smiling can have many connotations in Vietnamese culture. If they disagree or do not understand, they may simply listen and answer “yes,” then not comply with recommendations or return for further care. The traditional diet is mostly rice, fish, and vegetables, plus pork or chicken when available. Vietnamese don’t readily accept Western mental health counseling and interventions, particularly when self-disclosure is expected. In the U.S., arranged marriages are declining. Get to know patients on an individual level. Some health issues could be biologically tied to race; many are tied to social inequities, including poverty. During thousand years the Chinese invaded and maintained control Vietnam, Vietnamese culture was permeated by their Confucian philosophical beliefs. Many Vietnamese had severe health problems on arrival in the U.S. from poor living conditions, starvation, and abuse during the Vietnam War and in refugee camps. People began emigrating from Vietnam to the US in 1975, after the end of the Vietnam War. Nurses’ experiences with Vietnamese clients can contribute to the knowledge of how to provide cultural care. They also may worship spirits and natural forces, or practice ancestor worship or astrology. The Vietnamese diet consists of high glucose starches, such as white rich and noodles, and high sodium ingredients such as fish sauce (nước mắm, pronounced nook mahm), which tends to worsen conditions such as diabetes and hypertension (Tran et al, 2006). Generalizations in this material may not apply to your patients. Traditional Health Beliefs Core cultural values based on Confucian ideals are important to note in order to effectively provide care to Vietnamese older adults. Cutaneous hematomas are made on the face and trunk by pinching and pulling the skin to release excessive air, by rubbing skin with a coin or spoon, or by cupping—heating air in a cup with a flame, then placing the cup on the skin. Lack of accessibility to mental health care facilities that are affirming to Asian American populations. Vela Learn does not provide medical advice, diagnoses, or treatment. “Vietnamese Cultural Profile.” Reviewed and updated December, 2010. If a patient becomes terminally ill or is nearing the end of life, the family will be very involved in healthcare decisions. Depending on the customs and religion of the family, other rituals and practices may be performed. However, living in the US has changed or blurred some of these roles due to work and lifestyle in the US. For U.S. born Vietnamese this increases to 79 percent, which is much higher than the overall U.S. population at 59 percent, 2015. Those who were interviewed for the 201… Vietnamese women may expect health professionals to provide advice regarding infant care. Health is viewed as the result of a harmonious balance between the poles of hot and cold that govern bodily functions. Vietnam - Vietnam - Health and welfare: Before reunification, health services were underdeveloped in the rural areas of the south but were well-developed in the north. When included in the data for Asian-Americans, the true picture of Vietnamese-American health may be missed. 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