For other uses of the word, see, Headquarters, department of the Army (2012) Army doctrine reference publication 3-90: Offense and defense. flanking attack pranc. In addition, proper adjustment and positioning of soldiers is imperative in assuring the protection against flanking. attaque de flanc ryšiai: dar žiūrėk – ataka į frontą: angl. When the terrain favored neither side, it was down to the disposition of forces in the battle line to prevent flanking attacks. Units friendly to the ambushing unit may be hidden to the sides of the ambush site to surround the enemy, but care must be taken in setting up fields of fire to avoid friendly fire. F. flanquer. Such a strategy is not new, and Hannibal attacked Rome by going over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route. a competitive marketing strategy in which one company attacks another in a weak spot, commonly by paying maximum attention to either a geographic region or a market segment in which the rival is under-performing. Effective flanking marketing requires the ability to analyze a market, execute a business strategy, manage organizational elements, and communicate persuasively. See also frontal attack. On an operational level army, commanders may attempt to flank and wrong foot entire enemy armies, rather than just being content with doing so at a tactical battalion or brigade level. {Flanking}.] Attacking such positions would be expensive in casualties and more than likely lead to stalemate. These include: 1. flanking attack: translation. [Cf. Establish observation posts and launch Patrolsto receive timely warning of the attack. [4] This may cause soldiers to run from the battle. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area when the enemy is least able to concentrate offense. & vb. The flanking maneuver is a basic military tactic, with several variations. Retrieved 22 March 2015 from, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Historical examples of flanking maneuvers, http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/adrp3_90.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flanking_maneuver&oldid=989133383, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with style issues from April 2015, Articles needing additional references from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 06:28. To guard against that, the infantry subunits were trained to be able to form squares rapidly that gave the cavalry no weak flank to attack. Flanking is useful because a force's offensive power is concentrated in its front. Flanking company targets this weakness forcing the company to re-allocated the resources to keep the market or end up losing it to flanking company. Flanking an enemy often refers to staying back and not risking yourself, while at the same time gradually weakening enemy forces. This is where the targets of the flanking could be as large as divisions or even entire armies. flanking attack pranc. That is the source of the tradition of giving the honour of the right to the most senior regiment present, which has persisted into the modern era. At the Battle of Platea, the Tegeans squabbled with the Athenians on who should have the privilege of holding a flank;[4] both having conceded the honour of the right flank (the critical flank in the hoplite system) to the Spartans. Company marketing and management felt that with a good solution strategy and targeted sales execution, the RFID label printing application presented us with an opportunity. "Flanking" redirects here. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area when the enemy is least able to concentrate offense. Start studying Strategic Management Chapter 10. The job of the attacker will be much harder if you have to make the assault up the mountain or across a watercourse . In return, Scipio Africanus was able to defeat Hannibal not by trying to defeat him in Italy but by first undermining his power base in Spain and then attacking his home city, Carthage. Flanking attacks into areas outside the main zone of contention might be attempted to break the stalemates. Another type is used in the attack, where a unit encounters an enemy defensive position. [5] A classic example of a flanking maneuver was by Confederate general Stonewall Jackson against the Union Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Despite primarily being associated with land warfare, flanking maneuvers have also been used effectively in naval battles. With equally-matched cavalry, commanders have been content to allow inaction, with the cavalry of both sides preventing the other from action. flanking attack To be able to manoeuvre, it was necessary to introduce intervals between units and these intervals could be used to flank individual units in the battle line by fast acting-units such as cavalry. An ideal situation is getting them into a position where their front is narrow and the flanks are long. The most infamous example of such an attempt was the modified Schlieffen Plan used by the Germans during the opening stages of the First World War. Military dictionary. pg.1. The flanking force then advances to the enemy flank and attacks them at close range. [1] Flanking is useful because a force's fighting strength is typically concentrated in its front, therefore to circumvent an opposing force's front and attack its flank is to concentrate one's own offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. A flanking maneuver works best when an enemy is engaged at their front. A commander could prevent being flanked by anchoring one or both parts of his line on terrain impassable to his enemies, such as gorges, lakes or mountains: the Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae, Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene, and the Romans at the Battle of Watling Street. attaque de flanc ryšiai: dar žiūrėk – ataka į frontą Unlike an envelopment, which depends on the enemy's defensive position, any obstacles and the terrain, a … The confusion and threat from multiple directions can often cause shock and panic. A classic example is Hannibal's victory over the Roman armies at the Battle of Cannae. With no cavalry, inferior cavalry or in armies whose cavalry had gone off on their own (a common complaint), depending on the disposition of the infantry to guard against flanking attacks. The weaker echeloned units was sufficient to fix the greater portion of the enemy troops into inaction. It was the marked superiority of Hannibal's cavalry at the Battle of Cannae that allowed him to chase off the Roman cavalry and complete the encirclement of the Roman legions. Synonym of Flanking maneuver: English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia Flanking maneuver In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy. One type is employed in an ambush, where a unit performs a surprise attack from a concealed position. 2000. flank guard; flare; attaque de flanc ryšiai: dar žiūrėk – ataka į frontą … NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas. As long as they had a place on the battlefield, it was the role of cavalry to be placed on the flanks of the infantry battle line. Coordination to avoid friendly fire is also important in this situation. In practise, that almost never happened since most enemy commanders saw it for what it was and so ressisted the temptation of the initial easy flanking attack. efore coming to grips with the term “strategic planning,” it is best to examine each of those terms separately. If time and circumstances allowed, field fortifications could be created or expanded to protect the flanks, as the Allied forces did with the hamlet of Papelotte and the farmhouse of Hougoumont on the left and right flanks at the Battle of Waterloo. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. The balanced scorecard is a management system that turns strategic goals into a set of performance objectives that are measured, monitored and changed, if necessary, to ensure the strategic goals are met.. An offensive maneuver directed at the flank of an enemy. Unlike an envelopment, which depends on the enemy's defensive position, any obstacles and the terrain, a flanking maneuver uses the enemy's forward movement to create an attackable flank. atitikmenys: angl. One type is employed in an ambush , where a unit performs a surprise attack from a concealed position. Armored vehicles such as tanks replaced cavalry as the main force of flanking maneuvers in the 20th century, as seen in the Battle of France in World War II. Keep troops Reserve rear, ready to reinforce the flank attack. Editorial by Amedia (2) True Knight's Duty by Debra Hicks ("Sequel to The Cost of Duty. The most effective form of flanking maneuver is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. That prudence was used in the manifestation of the oblique order in which one wing was massively reinforced, creating a local superiority in numbers that could obliterate that part of the enemy line that it was sent against. With speed and greater tactical flexibility, the cavalry could both make flanking attacks and guard against them. Arrange the defenses in depth, and not all pla… Look at other dictionaries: Flanking — Flank Flank (fl[a^][ng]k), v. t. [imp. Initially, the Russians were more successful than the British in gaining territorial concessions in China, but the British were able to counteract that by the cultivation of the emerging Empire of Japan as a counterweight to the Russians, a relationship that culminated in the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. & vb. In those cases, the flanked country usually has to fight on two fronts at once, placing it at a disadvantage. The importance of the flank positions led to the practise, which became tradition of placing the best troops on the flanks. Cause shock and panic military tactics, a flanking maneuver is a basic military tactic, with several variations of... Knight 's Duty by Debra Hicks ( `` Sequel to the enemy direction! 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